WEST GERMANY: The Tenth State

On the first day of 1957, the Saar—that densely populated, industrially rich, and much fought over 898-sq.-mi. territory on the Franco-German border—became the tenth state in the Federal Republic of West Germany. The Saar's people speak German; its ground is heavy with coal needed by the French. The governments of West Germany and France, hoping "to settle the Saar question in such a way that it will no longer be an issue," agreed on political integration into Germany now, economic integration in three years (economically, the Saarlanders profited more...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on TIME.com

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!