BRAZIL: Power of the Brass

Buckling under the pressure of Nationalist army leaders, Brazil's President Juscelino Kubitschek last week halted thorium exports to the U.S., canceled the 1955 U.S.-Brazilian agreement to cooperate in exploring Brazil for deposits of radioactive minerals. The U.S. embassy in Rio first learned of the turnabout by reading about it in the local newspapers. Brazil's troublemaking Communists, who could never have brought off such a coup by themselves, whooped with delight. Bannered the Communist daily, Imprensa Popular: HISTORICAL VICTORY

OF THE PEOPLE.

Brazilian Communists and nationalists unite in taking a fiercely protective attitude toward Brazil's mineral resources ("The oil is ours!"). Months...

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