ITALY: The Artful Dodger

Just across the French border, in the alpine resort town of Pralognian, two old enemies (and older friends) faced each other affably. They were Italy's two best-known Socialists, but men of radically different views. One was wrinkled, leathery Pietro Nenni, 65, Stalin Prizewinner, whose "unity of action" pact with the Italian Communists provides Moscow with 35% of the Italian vote.

His companion across the lunch table was Giuseppe Saragat, 57. Once Nenni's top lieutenant, Saragat had shared exile with Nenni from Mussolini's Fascism.

But he broke with Nenni's fellow traveling in 1947 to set up his own party, crying that "the...

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