Medicine: Cancer & Women Smokers

In the battle over the connection between cigarettes and lung cancer, one of the chief arguments on the negative side has been put as a question: Why don't as many women get lung cancer as men? The answer, says Dr. Ernest L. Wynder of Manhattan's Sloan-Kettering Institute, and chief developer of the cigarette lung cancer theory, is that women by and large do not smoke as much as men.

In the early 1900s lung cancer was a rare disease, but equally prevalent among men and women, Dr. Wynder told a Brooklyn meeting of the American Chemical Society. By 1954 the overall lung...