THE SOUTH: City on Trial

Caucasian officialdom in Montgomery, Ala. (pop. 120,000) moved drastically last week to break the twelve-week-old Negro boycott of the Jim Crow city buses (TIME, Jan. 16 et seq.). Hastily dusting off an old (1921) antilabor state law forbidding restraint of trade, a grand jury voted indictment of 115 of the city's Negro leaders—including a score of Negro ministers. "In this state," the indictment read, "we are committed to segregation by custom and by law; we intend to maintain it." Arrested on George Washington's birthday, one of the Negro ministers responded: "The Negroes...