Successor to Clement Attlee as leader of Britain's Labor Party and a future Prime Minister if Labor should return to power: Hugh Todd Naylor Gaitskell.

Born: April 9, 1906, the younger of two sons, in London. His mother was Scottish, his father an English official in the colonial service. Young Hugh spent his first years shuttling with a nanny between England and Burma.

Education: The best Britain provides—private prep school, Winchester, then New College, Oxford, where he took first-class honors in "Modern Greats" (politics, philosophy, economics) and first developed an interest in Socialism. During the General Strike of 1926, other students swarmed off...

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