Years of frustrated desires and months of delicate negotiations were concealed in a few paragraphs of turgid prose that lay before the eleven diplomats of the U.N. Security Council one day last week. Its title was Draft Resolution Doc. S-3502. Its fate rested with one man who sat, sad and misleadingly tranquil, behind the name plate of China.

Would Nationalist China defy the wishes of the majority of the U.N. General Assembly and use its Great Power veto to keep Outer Mongolia out of the U.N.—and with it 17 other countries?* Or had...

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