Wildly cheered by flag-waving crowds, a lean, leathery man in an olive-green army uniform rode triumphantly into Buenos Aires one sunny day last week to take over as President of Argentina. The new headman was General Eduardo Lonardi (see box), leader of the rebellion that brought Juan Perón tumbling down.

After the swearing-in ceremony in the pink Government House, church bells tolled and ship sirens shrilled in celebration. Lonardi stepped onto the balcony from which Perón used to harangue his mobs. In a level tone strikingly different from Perón's superheated oratory, the new President promised his huge, joyful audience a...

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