Education: Report Card

Why are so many U.S. colleges overcrowded? Because "there is too vigorous a drive to encourage people to take college education who are not really qualified to do so," said Kenneth C. Royall, chairman of the New York Committee for the White House Conference on Education and onetime (1947-49) Secretary of the Army. "In many instances, college education is not conducive to a better job . . ." His recommendation: more vocational training, less general education in the high school.

¶ President Eisenhower recommended lengthening high school and college courses, perhaps to five years each, to meet the needs of modern...

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