"What kind of man," asks Francis Bello in FORTUNE, "becomes an outstanding scientist?" To answer his question, Bello interviewed or questionnaired 107 young (40 or under) scientists judged by their senior colleagues to be outstanding. Some of his findings:
¶All were men. None mentioned a woman scientist under 40 as being his equal in ability.
¶About 75% (79 out of 104) were only children, only sons or eldest sons.
¶About 80% attended public grade and secondary schools. All went to college.
¶ About half were brought up as Protestants; more than one-quarter were Jewish; less than 5% came from Catholic families. At...