Foreign News: They Called It Nerve

With great fanfare, Italy's weekly Oggi began publishing sensational documents that suggested strange doings between London and Rome at the outset of World War II. A letter addressed to Mussolini and signed "Churchill" recognized Italy's "right to the Mediterranean." A draft Mussolini-Churchill "agreement" recognized "the grave possibility" of Britain's defeat by the Axis and asked that Italy safeguard British interests "at any future peace conference." There were other letters and papers, all showing low jinks by high figures.

For more than a year, one Enrico de Toma, a young last-ditch Italian fascist living in exile across the Swiss border, had tried to...

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