When in trouble, says an old Army maxim, do something—anything. In the clutch of the steel crisis last week, on the eve of his 68th birthday (May 8), ex-Artilleryman Harry Truman busied himself doing something.

One of his diversionary efforts was aimed at an old and familiar adversary: Congress. He touched it off by refusing to turn over to a Senate subcommittee the unpublished personal papers of the late Secretary of Defense James V. Forrestal. "Not in the public interest," said a sharp White House statement. Another coincidental but useful diversion was...

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