THE ENEMY: Poor Showing

With the Hungnam evacuation completed, tacticians looked back on the battle —the U.S. breakout from the Changjin trap, the fighting retreat to the sea, and the successful evacuation—to assess the showing made by the Chinese, who had looked so overwhelming in the first flush of their massive offensive. The assessment was that in northeast Korea, Mao's men had made a very poor showing indeed.

Whether through lack of mobility, of equipment, of tactical judgment, or a combination of these and other factors, they muffed several excellent chances to ruin the X Corps operation. They suffered casualties at least five times...

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