In the transition to socialism, the top U.S. Communist leaders (see NATIONAL AFFAIRS) told the jury, it is always the middle class that uses force. But the Czech Communists were showing the world how the transition to socialism is really carried out.

In two weeks, more than 10,000 middle-class Czechs had been summarily arrested. Their crime was their failure to "find a positive relationship with our people's democratic order."

Just after sunrise but before the head of the family left for work, the police would come. There would be two plain-clothes men, with...

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