National Affairs: The Straphangers

Within one hour after midnight one night last week, every bus, streetcar and subway train on Philadelphia's 1,500 miles of transit system had been rolled to garage, barn or yard and stopped. Local 234 of the C.I.O. Transport Workers Union was on strike. Next morning Philadelphians got to work as best they could, through four inches of snow. The Reading and Pennsylvania Railroads ran extra trains; hundreds of private car pools went into operation; big companies used their truck fleets to pick up employees; and thousands of people simply walked.

A quarter of...

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