CHINA: Autumn Offensive

Last week brought "Double Ten" (the tenth day of the tenth month) again in China—the 36th anniversary of the founding of Sun Yat-sen's republic. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek flew back to Nanking from a tour of battlefronts, and broadcast to the nation. Proudly he ticked off the year's brighter spots: capture of the Communist capital, Yenan; the mopping up on the coast of Shantung. Then he made a promise about what was happening north of the Great Wall: "We will not lightly yield one single inch. . . ."

Yet, there, in the coal-and iron-laden valleys of South Manchuria, the Chinese Nationalists...

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