The No. 1 Communist in the U.S., the mouthpiece of Moscow's serpentine line and the brain of the party's policies here, is a man named Gerhart Eisler. So, last week, said a man who ought to know: Louis Francis Budenz, the former managing editor of the Daily Worker who forsook Communism for Catholicism (TIME, Oct. 22, 1945). It was Eisler, said Budenz, who gave him directives right from the Kremlin's mouth.

So also said another former Red who should know: Ruth Fischer, a onetime noisy leader of the Communist Party in pre-Nazi Germany's Reichstag. She is Eisler's sister. They hate each...

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