Education: The First 1,100

Cecil John Rhodes believed in a master race. He got mad whenever he thought about how pudding-headed George III and his pig-headed advisers had split that race. The money Rhodes made digging diamonds and empire-building in South Africa he left for Oxford—to unite Britain and the U.S. (Germany was added, as an afterthought) as the leaders of a world at peace. He thought Rhodes scholarships would turn the trick in a century or two.

The first Rhodes scholars were named in 1903. There have been 2,215 since—about half from the U.S.*Last week one of the earliest scholars, Frank Aydelotte,

American secretary to the...

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