Medicine: In China's Capital

Cholera, which raged in Calcutta in May, got out of hand in Chungking in June. China's crowded, noisome wartime capital, which gets part of its water supply from the same river which receives its garbage and sewage (and the rest of its water wherever handy), is almost helpless against the disease. Last week the pestilence was still spreading — 8,000 cases to date, of which about 20% have died.

City officials have done what they could. They condemned the sale of fresh fruits (which might carry the bacteria), dumped boatloads of peaches in the river, where children drowned diving for them. They...

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