International: Attention, Tokyo!

Unconditional surrender—the victory theme of the U.S. and her Allies since 1943—was replaced last week by a more daring formula for ending the war with Japan.

Loser's Choice. From Potsdam to Tokyo went a declaration (by the U.S., Britain and China) offering concrete, unalterable terms upon which Japan could end the war. The phrase "unconditional surrender" was still used. But it applied only to the armies in the field. The terms were for the nation. Their gist:

¶ Defeated Japan could have industries, but not a war industry.

¶ She could have a...

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