Books: Bazaine and Retain

THE TWO MARSHALS—Philip Guedalla —Reynal & Hitchcock ($3).

It is a suggestive fact that the French people's national epic, Chanson de Roland, glorifies its defeat in war. For France, almost since its emergence as a nation, has been not only Europe's cultural capital, but its favorite battlefield and biggest graveyard. Living men have twice seen France smashed as a nation—in 1870 and in 1940. The French defeat of 1870 has long been associated with the name of Marshal Bazaine. Marshal Pétain has become almost a synonym for the collapse of 1940.

In The Two...

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