Education: Help for Hitler

"To assist Hitler . . . The Rockefeller Foundation has made a number of grants." Thus last week, in a mood of irony, spoke Foundation President Raymond Baline Fosdick. Object of the grants: to develop the U.S. as a great mathematical center.

A leading method was to import topflight European refugee mathematicians. Of 131 now here, the Foundation brought in 28. The refugees include 16 from Germany's famous Göttingen Mathematical Institute—some ousted Jews, others disgusted "Aryans." Many are "pure" scientists now in the applied field, training students of ballistics, aerodynamics. Three of the...

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