U.S. At War: Everybody's Justice

In a nation where Government appointments are usually made with an eye to geography, Franklin Roosevelt this week could make a happy choice. To fill the Supreme Court vacancy left by Jimmy Byrnes, he named Wiley Blount Rutledge Jr.—who was born in Kentucky, got his A.B. in Wisconsin, taught high school in Indiana and New Mexico, practiced law in Colorado, was dean of law schools in Missouri (Washington University) and Iowa (State University), is now Associate Justice of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia.

But stocky, rugged Justice Rutledge, 48, had more than geography to recommend him. Least...

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