THE JUDICIARY: Church & State

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. . . .

In those words of the First Amendment to the Constitution,* chosen with exquisite care, James Madison sought to separate church & state forever. He hoped thus to stamp out the conflicts and persecutions which had been transplanted from the Old World to the New. Time & again the Supreme Court of the United States has had to define what separation meant. Last week, the age-old question was before it again. And the Court, operating more as...

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