The question before the court was whether Adolf Schmidt, a German-language instructor who came to the U.S. in 1939, was a man of "good moral character." Applying for U.S. citizenship, Schmidt admitted casually that he had had sexual intercourse with unmarried women "now & then." Schmidt said he saw nothing wrong with that: he was a bachelor, 44 years old, the women were unmarried, and nobody seemed to mind. But the examiner was shocked. Application denied.

Last week in Manhattan the case of Adolf Schmidt was ruled on by the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Schmidt's lawyer argued that...

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