The Press: War in Germany

When the Western powers occupied Germany, they tried to re-establish a democratic press by the paradoxical method of rigid controls. The U.S. Military Government, like the British and French, carefully screened all applicants, barred former Nazis, and gradually licensed a small number (57) of papers in its zone. The licensees were told they would be closed down if they advocated anti-democratic ideas.

Last month, when the Western powers gave their blessing to the revival of a

central German Government, they recon sidered the question of the press. The British kept their controls on. But the U.S. authorities dropped licensing and gave the Germans...

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