In a velvet-curtained room off the Capitolio's Senate chamber, three Peronista Senators were quietly but efficiently remaking the Argentine judiciary. Their power stemmed from a previously unnoticed paragraph in the new Peron constitution (TIME, March 29) which provided that all federal justices be confirmed by the Senate. The clause, as interpreted by the Senate, was retroactive; it covered all sitting judges as well as new appointees.

Acting on information supplied by party and official sources, the three Senators gave the nod only to good Peronistas; their decisions were quickly ratified by the senate in secret session. By the time...

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