"I now adjudge you guilty of willful and deliberate contempt," Judge Harold R. Medina said. "You are to be remanded . . . for a period not to exceed thirty days." Grinning broadly, Witness Carl Winter stepped down from the stand, the fifth Communist to be jailed for contempt in the eight-month conspiracy trial of eleven of the nation's top Reds. Outside the courthouse in Manhattan's Foley Square, Communist pickets dutifully picked up the new refrain: "Free Carl Winter. Stop this frame-up." Within minutes, placards appeared, with Winter's name neatly lettered in.

The jailing of Winter was touched off by...

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