Religion: Echoes

Francis Cardinal Spellman's blast against Eleanor Roosevelt (TIME, Aug. 1) raised loud echoes last week. Public reactions were as might have been expected: Protestants supported Mrs. Roosevelt's position; Catholic spokesmen backed up the cardinal's criticism.

Lutherans took issue with the cardinal on a matter of fundamental principle: the separation of church and state, "a cherished ideal of all American Lutherans since they first arrived on American soil 300 years ago." Lutherans did not seek federal aid to education, declared Dr. John W. Behnken, president of the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, the most conservative of the large Lutheran groups.* Even if the Government should...

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