FORTY-NINERS (340 pp.)Archer Butler HulbertLittle, Brown ($4).
GOLD RUSH ALBUM (239 pp.)Edited by Joseph Henry JacksonScribner ($10).
The year of discovery was 1848. The cry of "Gold!gold on the American River!" roused the California towns. But it took months for the news to reach the Atlantic seaboard, spread to Europe and the remote Pacific. Then, 100 years ago this winter, the rush began.
Within four years, drowsing California was to grow from 20,000 people (excluding the Indians nobody ever bothered to count) to more than 200,000; some $200 million worth of gold was to be scooped and strained from stream beds and hillsides, and...