Britain's Ernest Bevin spoke with fervor and measured hope: "We have today embarked on a great adventure ... a most famous historical undertaking . . . This new [North Atlantic] pact brings us under a wider roof of security ... It is certainly one of the greatest steps toward world peace ... a new era of cooperation and understanding . . .

"The pact recognizes the common heritage and civilization of [the Western] peoples, founded on principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law . . . It is based on an understanding and a determination to preserve...

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