HUNGARY: If You Cooperate

The Communist battle for control of the Roman Catholic Church in Hungary raged last week throughout the country. In schools and homes, factories and offices, Hungarians were asked to sign petitions demanding the death penalty for Josef Cardinal Mindszenty because he had "insulted and damaged" the people's republic (TIME, Jan. 10).

At village mass meetings, those known to be deeply religious were commanded to read aloud fiery denunciations of the cardinal. If they refused, police were waiting to drag them away. Workers were threatened with instant dismissal for failure to sign anti-Mindszenty petitions. In Budapest, the Reds pressed six-year-old children into...

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