The truest way to measure what the Palestine war had cost thus far was not by its casualties but by its D.P.s. A war in which one side was fighting to make a home for refugees had created some 400,000 new refugees—the homeless and destitute Arabs and Jews of the disputed parts of Palestine.

About 7,000 of these were Jews. Most of the Arabs were women, children and old men who possessed little now but what they could carry on their backs. Their Arab neighbors had been helping out with relief of a sort. Lebanon, with more than 70,000 refugees, was...

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