The congressional investigation of Communists turned last week from a story of espionage to a story of Communists in high places in Government. The course was changed by the testimony of a soft-voiced ex-Communist, who sat down before the House Un-American Activities Committee and calmly told a tale of high powered plotting in New Deal days.

He was Whittaker Chambers, 47, for 13 years (1924-37) a member and "paid functionary" of the Communist Party, a strong anti-Communist since 1937. In 1939, two years after his break from Communism, Chambers joined the editorial staff of TIME, is now a senior editor.

As a...

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