Wheat poured last week from the spout of a shipside elevator into a 10,000-ton Liberty ship tied up at a Galveston dock. In the dust-thick hold, longshoremen flattened the light brown piles. Loaded with 328,000 bushels of No. 1 hard winter wheat, the ship moved over to a nearby dock. Oil barges filled her bunkers with fuel oil. That evening she sidled into the Gulf, headed for Bordeaux.

It was a commonplace occurrence in Galveston's busy harbor. But the ship was momentarily famous. She was the first to be loaded under the provisions of the Economic Cooperation Act. Her appropriately...

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