BRAZIL: Magic Mountain

The cinnamon-red height of Caué rises 4,000 feet sheer from the lush green hills of Minas Geraes. It is a landmark that on a clear day can be seen by an airplane pilot 50 miles away. It is also one of the world's most precious topographical oddities. Caué is Brazil's Iron Mountain, a fabulous lode of some of the world's best ore, pure enough (up to 68%) to compete with Sweden's finest, vast enough to challenge Minnesota's great Mesabi.

Itabira is the name popularly given to Caué, and for two centuries its wealth...

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