For Pennsylvania's Edward Martin, whose Senate subcommittee had been investigating the steel shortage for four months, the stage was set for a showdown. From scores of small businessmen, the committee had gathered plenty of evidence to show that the supply and distribution of steel were far from what they should be (TIME, June 9). Last week, the committee called the heads of the biggest steel companies up on the carpet.

Around the long table in the Senate's main conference room, the steelmakers assembled, with some unpleasant charges still ringing in their ears. The C.I.O.'s United Steel Workers had charged that...

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