PANAMA: Double Standard

In their beaverboard office in the basement of a Government building in La Boca, five dark-skinned men sat back and mopped their brows with satisfaction. They were the officers of Local 713, United Public Workers of America (C.I.O.), and they had just signed up their 15,897th dues payer. This meant that most of the men now working on the Panama Canal belong to a union dominated by Communists.

Less than a year ago the only unions in the Zone worth mentioning were the A.F.L. affiliates, to which most of the 5,000 U.S.-born workers belonged. Then' the U.P.W.A. saw its chance,...

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