It was 9 a.m. on Aug. 16, 1945. In the Philadelphia plant of the Edward G. Budd Manufacturing Co., greying, husky Eugene Beuttel and his partner, Samuel Daniels, worked at a long assembly line. On it, fins for 500-lb. bombs moved slowly along. As they moved, Beuttel and Daniels welded the fins, in an electric blue blaze of light. Suddenly the line stopped moving. A foreman's voice shouted an order.

Obediently, Beuttel and Daniels picked up their welding torches. With the rest of the bomb makers they reported to the company's employment office and...

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