CHINA: New Technique

Shanghai's tramway system covers 43 miles, employs 3,000 workers, hauls 450,000 passengers daily, and is managed by salty Scotsman Alexander Pollock for the British-owned Shanghai Electric Construction Co., Ltd. When Scotsman Pollock emerged last August from Japanese internment to take over his old enterprise, he found chaos. Among other things, the blithering enemy had paid all workers, skilled and unskilled, veteran and green, alike. The first job was to re-establish wage scales.

The workers took alarm over a rumor that the company would not pay them at all. In November, led by the powerful new Shanghai General Union, they staged...

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