Salvadoran Army officers tried to topple El Salvador's new up-&-coming Government last week. Into President Salvador Castaneda Castro's office stalked 100 Army officers. They demanded a governmental shakeup, including Army autonomy. Castaneda promised to consider their demands. That night, he ordered loyal Army units to arrest suspected officers. As one unit moved up on Ilopango airfield, two rebel planes took off. Loyal antiaircraft fire hit the first plane's gas tank. The plane crashed in flames. The pilot and the gunner were killed.

The second plane, piloted by Captain Francisco Ponce, buzzed over...

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