PERU: State of Grace

Peru was in a state of electoral grace. Its free election last week, itself a startling novelty, might prove the most significant overturn in Peru's violent electoral history. Far in the lead, with much of the vote unofficially tabulated, was Dr. Jose Luis Bustamante Rivero, candidate of the National Democratic Front. Snowed under was General Eloy G. Ureta, favored by the Government.

Except for transient lapses, Peru had always been governed by a small, tight oligarchy which allowed the people little influence. Elections, when held, were closely controlled. But last week the voters were not intimidated. The Army made no...

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