World Battlefronts: BATTLE OF THE PACIFIC: Engineers' War

In northern Luzon a Japanese retreat was developing into something resembling a rout.

After three months of defense in the incredibly difficult mountains, the pride of Japan's Philippine Army had had enough. As braggart Lieut. General Tomoyuki Yamashita's 20,000 remaining men, demoralized and disorganized, stumbled toward the coast, U.S. troops came in fast behind them through the rough-walled gorges of the Cagayan Valley.

The veteran 37th Division, under a confident Ohio National Guardsman, Major General Robert S. Beightler, drove 22 miles in 24 hours, captured Santiago, then pushed on 15 miles more. To...

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