Religion: For a Lasting Peace

As dusk fell over the little one-street town of Pleasanton (pop. 2,073), 5° plain Texans gathered in the white frame First Baptist Church. Many of the men—ranchers, merchants, peanut farmers, railroad workers—were in shirt sleeves. Their women wore wash dresses. They had come to pray for the success of the San Francisco conference.

All over the U.S. last week thousands of churches held special services to observe April 25 as a Day of Prayer. In Boston. 300 stood in a noonday drizzle for an outdoor service. In Evanston. Ill.. 500 went through the rain to St. Luke's Episcopal Church. Oilfield workers...