As the U.S. armies penetrated the dark heart of Germany last week, they discovered and revealed to the world some examples of the most highly organized horror of all time—a series of concentration camps for political prisoners from most of the nations the Nazis had conquered, including the German nation. For 12 years the enemies of totalitarianism had told the world of these horrors. They were past belief. But the evidence of the camps at Buchenwald, Belsen, Erla and Nordhausen was as irrefutable as death, as monstrous as human degradation. From three camps, TIME & LIFE correspondents described these...

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