Latin America: Blood & Freedom

In Recife, white-suited, perspiring students milled about on the steaming cobblestones in front of the Pernambuco Daily. They were celebrating Brazil's "new freedom" (TIME, March 5). Suddenly, shots cracked out from nearby windows. Nine students fell wounded. The secretary of the Students' Union, Democrito de Souza, lay dead. Soldiers nabbed one gunman, who claimed he had been given his revolver by civil police, told to fire on the students.

Indignation swept restive Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro, the powerful National Students' Union met angrily. Cried Byronic young Newsman Carlos Lacerda: "I accuse...

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