Most citizens concede that the Army probably knows more than the civilian does about the equipment needed to win a two-ocean war. But last week, as Army demands continued to mount, businessmen were stunned by the magnitude of the task ahead of them.

Steel requirements for the second quarter were set at 19.9 million tons. This was 24% more than the maximum of 16.1 million tons that steelmakers hoped to produce, providing their mills are not crippled by spring floods in the Pittsburgh districts, or by a strike in the coal mines.

The sudden flood of Army orders also washed all...

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