World Battlefronts: EASTERN FRONT: Staggering Blow

In the ugly Dabrowa district of hilly southern Silesia, the Russians scored a vast victory this week. Beuthen, Katowice, Hindenburg, Gleiwitz, Sosnowiec—the complex of mining, refining, steelmaking, oil-synthesizing cities—were in Russian hands.

The Germans were staggered. It was a cruel blow. At Gleiwitz was a synthetic fuel plant that employed 38,000. It had been moved to "safe" Silesia from the air-vulnerable Ruhr. Near by was a great new engine works, also built far from the Allied bomber fields. At Beuthen was the biggest zinc mine in Europe. Out of Katowice had poured automobiles,...

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