Even violent anti-Catholics concede that, at least for its first thousand years, the Roman Catholic Church was the world's greatest force for universal peace. Meeting last week in Washington, the potent U.S. Catholic hierarchy (118 archbishops and bishops) threw its sizable weight behind a new international peace organization. The news came in a six-page statement signed by the National Catholic Welfare Conference's administrative board.*

The bishops had three main points to stress: 1) the Atlantic Charter is a noble statement of principles and should, therefore, be put into effect "without reservations or equivocations"; 2) the Dumbarton Oaks agreement needs...

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