Books: Poverty to Power

CARDINAL OF SPAIN — Simon Harcourt-Smith— Knopf ($3.50).

In the spring of 1718 Britain's dis affected Catholic clergy gazed out to sea ready to burst into a loud Te Deum.

Cause: the second Spanish Armada, which was carrying 5,000 Spanish troops to lead a west-of-England rising against Protestant George I. The fleet had been sent by Spain's wily Premier, Cardinal Alberoni.

But, like the first Spanish Armada, the second was scattered by a storm. "Human schemes, unaided by Providence, are of little or no use," reflected the Cardinal.

"Of the plans I devised . ....

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now

Subscribe
Subscribe

Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on TIME.com

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!